Adjustable versus fixed rate loans
With a fixed-rate loan, your payment doesn't change for the life of your loan. The amount allocated for your principal (the amount you borrowed) will increase, but your interest payment will go down accordingly. The property taxes and homeowners insurance which are almost always part of the payment will increase over time, but generally, payments on these types of loans vary little.
During the early amortization period of a fixed-rate loan, a large percentage of your monthly payment pays interest, and a significantly smaller percentage toward principal. As you pay on the loan, more of your payment goes toward principal.
You might choose a fixed-rate loan in order to lock in a low rate. Borrowers choose these types of loans because interest rates are low and they wish to lock in this lower rate. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, refinancing with a fixed-rate loan can offer more stability in monthly payments. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, we'll be glad to assist you in locking a fixed-rate at a good rate. Call Cal Coast Financial Corp at (510) 683-9850 to discuss how we can help.
Adjustable Rate Mortgages — ARMs, come in many varieties. ARMs are generally adjusted twice a year, based on various indexes.
Most ARM programs feature a "cap" that protects you from sudden increases in monthly payments. Your ARM may feature a cap on interest rate increases over the course of a year. For example: no more than two percent per year, even if the underlying index goes up by more than two percent. Your loan may have a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest rate directly, caps the amount your payment can go up in one period. Plus, the great majority of ARMs have a "lifetime cap" — this means that the interest rate won't go over the capped amount.
ARMs usually start out at a very low rate that may increase over time. You may have heard about "3/1 ARMs" or "5/1 ARMs". In these loans, the initial rate is fixed for three or five years. It then adjusts every year. These loans are fixed for a certain number of years (3 or 5), then they adjust after the initial period. Loans like this are best for borrowers who anticipate moving in three or five years. These types of adjustable rate loans are best for people who plan to sell their house or refinance before the initial lock expires.
You might choose an Adjustable Rate Mortgage to get a very low introductory interest rate and count on moving, refinancing or simply absorbing the higher rate after the initial rate expires. ARMs can be risky when housing prices go down because homeowners could be stuck with increasing rates if they can't sell or refinance with a lower property value.
Have questions about mortgage loans? Call us at (510) 683-9850. It's our job to answer these questions and many others, so we're happy to help!
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